CHAPTER 11 - Uniform Vehicle Code: Rules of the Road - Pt. 2

ARTICLE VI. TURNING AND STARTING,
AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING

11-601.Required position and method of turning
The driver of a vehicle intending to turn shall do so as follows:
(a) Right turns.Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
(b) Left turns.The driver of a vehicle intending to turn left shall approach the turn in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle. Whenever practicable the left turn shall be made to the left of the center of the intersection and so as to leave the intersection or other location in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully
available to traffic moving in the same direction as such vehicle on the roadway being entered. (c) The state highway commission and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may cause official traffic-control devices to be placed and thereby require and direct that a different course from that specified in this section be traveled by turning vehicles and when such devices are so placed no driver shall turn a vehicle other than as directed and required by such devices.
(d) Two-way left turn lanes.Where a special lane for making left turns by drivers proceeding in opposite directions has been indicated by official traffic-control devices:

  1. A left turn shall not be made from any other lane.
  2. A vehicle shall not be driven in the lane except when preparing for or making a left turn from or into the roadway or when preparing for or making a U turn when otherwise permitted by law.

11-602.Limitations on turning around
(a) The driver of any vehicle shall not turn such vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction unless such movement can be made in safety and without interfering with other traffic.
(b) No vehicle shall be turned so as to proceed in the opposite direction upon any curve, or upon the approach to or near the crest of a grade, where such vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of any other vehicle approaching from either direction within 500 feet.

11-603.Starting parked vehicle
No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.

11-604.Turning movements and required signals
(a) No person shall turn a vehicle or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety nor without giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided.
(b) For vehicles equipped with mechanical or electrical turn signals, a signal of intention to turn or move right or left when required shall be given continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning.
(c) No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such signal.
(d) The signals required on vehicles by 11-605(b) shall not be flashed on one side only on a disabled vehicle, flashed as a courtesy or "do pass" signal to operators of other vehicles approaching from the rear, nor be flashed on one side only of a parked vehicle except as may be necessary for compliance with this section.

11-605.Signals by hand and arm or signal lamps
(a) Any stop or turn signal when required herein shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by signal lamps, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b).
(b) Any motor vehicle in use on a highway shall be equipped with, and required signal shall be given by, signal lamps when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left outside limit of the body, cab or load of such motor vehicle exceeds 24 inches, or when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load thereof exceeds 14 feet. The latter measurement shall apply to any single vehicle, also to any combination of vehicles.

11-606.Method of giving hand-and-arm signals
All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner and such signals shall indicate as follows:

  1. Left turn.Hand and arm extended horizontally.
  2. Right turn.Hand and arm extended upward.
  3. Stop or decrease speed.Hand and arm extended downward.

Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, a person operating a bicycle may give a right turn signal by extending the right hand and arm horizontally and to the right side of the bicycle.

ARTICLE VII.SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

11-701.Obedience to signal indicating approach of train
(a) Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing under any of the circumstances stated in this section, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad, and shall not proceed until it is safe to do so. The foregoing requirements shall apply when:

  1. A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train;
  2. A crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagger gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train;
  3. A railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and such railroad train, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard;
  4. An approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

(b) No person shall drive any vehicle through, around or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.

11-702.Certain vehicles must stop at all railroad grade crossings
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the driver of any vehicle described in regulations issued pursuant to subsection (c), before crossing at grade any track or tracks of a railroad, shall stop such vehicle within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad and while so stopped shall listen and look in both directions along such track for any approaching train, and for signals indicating the approach of a train and shall not proceed until it is safe to do so. After stopping as required herein and upon proceeding when it is safe to do so the driver of any said vehicle shall cross only in such gear of the vehicle that there will be no necessity for manually changing gears while traversing such crossing and the driver shall not manually shift gears while crossing the track or tracks.
(b) This section shall not apply at:

  1. Any railroad grade crossing at which traffic is controlled by a police officer or human flagger;
  2. Any railroad grade crossing at which traffic is regulated by a traffic-control signal;
  3. Any railroad grade crossing protected by crossing gates or an alternately flashing light signal intended to give warning of the approach of a railroad train;
  4. Any railroad grade crossing at which an official traffic control device gives notice that the stopping requirement imposed by this section does not apply.

(c) The (commissioner or other appropriate State official or agency) shall adopt such regulations as may be necessary describing the vehicles which must comply with the stopping requirements of this section. In formulating such regulations the (commissioner or other appropriate State official or agency) shall give consideration to the number of passengers carried by the vehicle and the hazardous nature of any substance carried by the vehicle in determining whether such vehicle shall be required to stop. Such regulations shall correlate with and so far as possible conform to the most recent regulation of the United States Department of Transportation.

11-703.Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossings
(a) No person shall operate or move any crawler-type tractor, steam shovel, derrick, roller, or any equipment or structure having a normal operating speed of 10 or less miles per hour or a vertical body or load clearance of less than one-half inch per foot of the distance between any two adjacent axles or in any event of less than nine inches, measured above the level surface of a roadway, upon or across any tracks at a railroad grade crossing without first complying with this section.
(b) Notice of any such intended crossing shall be given to a station agent of such railroad and a reasonable time be given to such railroad to provide proper protection at such crossing.
(c) Before making any such crossing the person operating or moving any such vehicle or equipment shall first stop the same not less than 15 feet nor more than 50 feet from the nearest rail of such railroad and while so stopped shall listen and look in both directions along such track for any approaching train and for signals indicating the approach of a train, and shall not proceed until the crossing can be made safely.
(d) No such crossing shall be made when warning is given by automatic signal or crossing gates or a flagger or otherwise of the immediate approach of a railroad train or car. If a flagger is provided by the railroad, movement over the crossing shall be under the flagger's direction.

11-704.Emerging from alley, driveway or building
The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road, or driveway within a business or residence district shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or onto the sidewalk area extending across such alley, building entrance, private road, or driveway, or in the event there is no sidewalk area, shall stop at the point nearest the street to be entered where the driver has a view of approaching traffic thereon.

11-705.Overtaking and passing school bus
(a) The driver of a vehicle meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus that meets the color and identification requirements of 12-222(a), (b) and (c) of this code stopped on the highway shall stop before reaching such school bus when there is in operation on said school bus the flashing red lights specified in 12-222(a) and said driver shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion or the flashing red lights are no longer actuated.
(b) The red visual signals meeting the requirements of 12-222(a) of this code shall be actuated by the driver of said school bus only whenever such vehicle is stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging school children. A school bus driver shall not actuate said special visual signals:

  1. In business districts and on urban arterial streets designed by the (State highway commission) or local authorities:
  2. At intersections or other places where traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals or police officers; or
  3. In designated school bus loading areas where the bus is entirely off the roadway.

(c) The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or passing a school bus which is on a different roadway or when upon a controlled-access highway and the school bus is stopped in a loading zone which is a part of or adjacent to such highway and where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.

ARTICLE VIII.SPEED RESTRICTIONS

11-801.Basic rule
No person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing. Consistent with the foregoing, every person shall drive at a safe and appropriate speed when approaching and crossing an intersection or railroad grade crossing, when approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hill crest, when traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway, and when special hazards exist with respect to pedestrians or other traffic or by reason of weather or highway conditions.

11-802.Maximum limits
Except when a special hazard exists that requires lower speed for compliance with 11-801, the limits hereinafter specified or established as hereinafter authorized shall be maximum lawful speeds, and no person shall drive a vehicle at a speed in excess of such maximum limits.

  1. Thirty miles per hour in any urban district;
  2. Fifty-five miles per hour in other locations.

The maximum speed limits set forth in this section may be altered as authorized in 11-803 and 11-804.

11-803.Establishment of State speed zones
Whenever the (State highway commission) shall determine upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that any maximum speed hereinbefore set forth is greater or less than is reasonable or safe under the conditions found to exist at any intersection or other place or upon any part of the State highway system, said (commission) may determine and declare a reasonable and safe maximum limit thereat, which shall be effective when appropriate signs giving notice thereof are erected. Such a maximum speed limit may be declared to be effective at all times or at such times as are indicated upon the said signs; and differing limits may be established for different times of day, different types of vehicles, varying weather conditions, and other factors bearing on safe speeds, which shall be effective when posted upon appropriate fixed or variable signs.

11-804.When local authorities may and shall alter maximum limits
(a) Whenever local authorities in their respective jurisdictions determine on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that the maximum speed permitted under this article is greater or less than is reasonable and safe under the conditions found to exist upon a highway or part of a highway, the local authority may determine and declare a reasonable and safe maximum limit thereon which:

  1. Decreases the limit at intersections; or
  2. Increases the limit within an urban district but not to more than 55 miles per hour; or
  3. Decreases the limit outside an urban district, but not to less than 35 miles per hour.

(b) Local authorities in their respective jurisdictions shall determine by an engineering and traffic investigation the proper maximum speed for all arterial streets and shall declare a reasonable and safe maximum limit thereon which may be greater or less than the maximum speed permitted under this code for an urban district.
(c) Any altered limit established as hereinabove authorized shall be effective at all times or during hours of darkness or at other times as may be determined when appropriate signs giving notice thereof are erected upon such street or highway.
(d) Any alteration of maximum limits on State highways or extensions thereof in a municipality by local authorities shall not be effective until such alteration has been approved by the (State highway commission).
(e) Not more than six such alterations as hereinabove authorized shall be made per mile along a street or highway, except in the case of reduced limits at intersections, and the difference between adjacent limits shall not be more than 10 miles per hour.

11-805.Minimum speed regulation
(a) No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.
(b) Whenever the (State highway commission) or local authorities within their respective jurisdictions determine on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that slow speeds on any highway or part of a highway impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, the (commission) or such local authority may determine and declare a minimum speed limit below which no person shall drive a vehicle except when necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law and that limit shall be effective when posted upon appropriate fixed or variable signs.

11-806.Special speed limitation on motor-driven cycles
No person shall operate any motor-driven cycle at any time mentioned in 12-201 at a speed greater than 35 miles per hour unless such motor-driven cycle is equipped with a head lamp or lamps which are adequate to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of 300 feet ahead.

11-807.Special speed limitations
(a) No person shall drive a vehicle which is towing a house trailer at a speed greater than a maximum of 45 miles per hour.
(b) No person shall drive a vehicle over any bridge or other elevated structure constituting a part of a highway at a speed which is greater than the maximum speed which can be maintained with safety to such bridge or structure, when such structure is signposted as provided in this section.
(c) The (State highway commission) and local authorities on highways under their respective jurisdictions may conduct an investigation of any bridge or other elevated structure constituting a part of a highway, and if it shall thereupon find that such structure cannot with safety to itself withstand vehicles traveling at the speed otherwise permissible under this chapter, the (commission) or local authority shall determine and declare the maximum speed of vehicles which such structure can safely withstand, and shall cause or permit suitable signs stating such maximum speed to be erected and maintained before each end of such structure.
(d) Upon the trial of any person charged with a violation of this section, proof of said determination of the maximum speed by said (commission) and the existence of said signs shall constitute conclusive evidence of the maximum speed which can be maintained with safety to such bridge or structure.

11-808.Charging violations and rule in civil actions
(a) In every charge of violation of any speed regulation in this article the complaint, also the summons or notice to appear, shall specify the speed at which the defendant is alleged to have driven, also the maximum speed applicable within the district or at the location.
(b) The provision of this article declaring maximum speed limitations shall not be construed to relieve the plaintiff in any action from the burden of proving negligence on the part of the defendant as the proximate cause of an accident.

11-809.Racing on highways
(a) No person shall drive any vehicle in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race or acceleration contest, test of physical endurance, exhibition of speed or acceleration, or for the purpose of making a speed record, and no person shall in any manner participate in any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition.  This section does not apply to persons riding bicycles.
(b) Drag race is defined as the operation of two or more vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other, or the operation of one or more vehicles over a common selected course, from the same point to the same point, for the purpose of comparing the relative speeds or power of acceleration of such vehicle or vehicles within a certain distance or time limit.
(c) Racing is defined as the use of one or more vehicles in an attempt to outgain, outdistance, or prevent another vehicle from passing, to arrive at a given destination ahead of another vehicle or vehicles, or to test the physical stamina or endurance of drivers over long distance driving routes.
(d) Any person convicted of violating this section shall be punished as provided in 17-101(b).

ARTICLE IX.SERIOUS TRAFFIC OFFENSES;

11-901.Reckless driving
(a) Any person who drives any vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving.
(b) Every person convicted of reckless driving shall be punished upon a first conviction by imprisonment for a period of not less than five days nor more than 90 days, or by a fine of not less than $25 nor more than ($500), or by both such fine and imprisonment, and on a second or subsequent conviction shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 10 days nor more than six months, or by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than ($500) or by both such fine and imprisonment.

11-902.Driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs;
(a) A person shall not drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle while:

  1. The alcohol concentration in such person's blood or breath is 0.08 or more based on the definition of blood and breath units in 11-903(a)(5); (REVISED, 1998.)test
  2. Under the influence of alcohol; (REVISED, 1971.)
  3. Under the influence of any other drug or combination of other drugs to a degree which renders such person incapable of safely driving; or (Formerly 11-902.1, REVISED, 1971,1979,1984,1992.)
  4. Under the combined influence of alcohol and any other drug or drugs to a degree which renders such person incapable of safely driving. (NEW, 1971;REVISED, 1979,1984,1992.)

(b) The fact that any person charged with violating this section is or has been legally entitled to use alcohol or other drug shall not constitute a defense against any charge of violating this section. (FORMERLY 11-902.1; REVISED, 1971,1984.)


(c) In addition to the provisions of 11-904, every person convicted of violating this section shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 10 days or more than one year, or by fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or by both such fine and imprisonment and on a second or subsequent conviction, such person shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 90 days nor more than one year, and, in the discretion of the court, a fine of not more than $1,000. (FORMERLY 11-902.2; REVISED, 1971,1984,& 1992.)

11-903.Chemical and other tests
(a) Upon the trial of any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by any person while driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, evidence of the concentration of alcohol or other drugs in a person's blood or breath at the time alleged, as determined by analysis of the person's blood, urine, breath or other bodily substance, shall be admissible. Where such a test is made the following provisions shall apply:

  1. Chemical analyses of the person's blood, urine, breath, or other bodily substance to be considered valid under the provisions of this section shall have been performed according to methods approved by the (State department of health) and by an individual possessing a valid permit issued by the (State department of health) for this purpose. The (State department of health) is authorized to approve satisfactory techniques or methods, to ascertain the qualifications and competence of individuals to conduct such analyses, and to issue permits which shall be subject to termination or revocation at the discretion of the (State department of health).
  2. When a person shall submit to a blood test at the request of a law enforcement officer under the provisions of 6-207 or 6-210, only a physician or a registered nurse (or other qualified person) may withdraw blood for the purpose of determining the alcoholic or other drug content therein. This limitation shall not apply to the taking of breath or urine specimens. (FORMERLY 11-902(d).)
  3. The person tested may have a physician, or a qualified technician, chemist, registered nurse, or other qualified person of such person's own choosing administer a chemical test or tests in addition to any administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer. The failure or inability to obtain an additional test by a person shall not preclude the admission of evidence relating to the test or tests taken at the direction of a law enforcement officer. (FORMERLY 11-902(e))
  4. Upon the request of the person who shall submit to a chemical test or tests at the request of a law enforcement officer, full information concerning the test or tests shall be made available to the person or such person's attorney. (FORMERLY 11-902(f); 1992.)
  5. Alcohol concentration shall mean either grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath. (FORMERLY 11-902(b)4;)

(b) Upon the trial of any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by any person while driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, the concentration of alcohol in the person's blood or breath at the time alleged as shown by analysis of the person's blood, urine, breath, or other bodily substance shall give rise to the following presumptions:

  1. If there was at that time an alcohol concentration less than 0.08, such fact shall not give rise to any presumption that the person was or was not under the influence of alcohol, but such fact may be considered with other competent evidence in determining whether the person was under the influence of alcohol.
  2. If there was at that time an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, it shall be presumed that the person was under the influence of alcohol.
  3. The foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not be construed as limiting the introduction of any other competent evidence bearing upon the question whether the person was under the influence of alcohol. (FORMERLY 11-902(b))

(c) If a person under arrest refuses to submit to a chemical test under the provisions of 6-207, evidence of refusal shall be admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of acts alleged to have been committed while the person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. (FORMERLY 11-902(g)

11-904.Post conviction examination and remedies
(a) Before sentencing any person convicted of violating 11-902, the court shall conduct or order an appropriate examination or examinations to determine whether the person needs or would benefit from treatment for alcohol or other drug abuse.
(b) In addition to the penalties imposed by 11-902(c), and after receiving the results of the examination in subsection (a) or, upon a hearing and determination that the person is an habitual user of alcohol or other drugs, the court may order supervised treatment on an outpatient basis, or upon additional determinations that the person constitutes a danger to self or others and that adequate treatment facilities are available, the court may order such person committed for treatment at a facility or institution approved by the (State department of health).
(c) Any person subject to this section may be examined by a physician of such person's own choosing and the results of any such examination shall be considered by the court.
(d) No commitment or supervised treatment on an outpatient basis ordered under subsection (b) shall exceed one year. Upon motion duly made by the convicted person, an attorney, a relative or an attending physician, the court at any time after an order of commitment shall review said order. After determining the progress of treatment, the court may order its continuation or the court may order the person's release, supervised treatment on an outpatient basis, or it may impose penalties specified by this code giving credit for the time of commitment.
(e) Upon application by any person under an order of commitment or supervised treatment for a driver's license, the results of the examination referred to in subsection (a) and a report of the progress of the treatment ordered shall be forwarded by the applicant to the department for consideration by the health advisory board (appointed under 6-119).
(f) The department may after receiving the advice of the health advisory board issue a license to such person with conditions and restrictions consistent with the person's rehabilitation and with protection of the public notwithstanding the provisions of 6-214.

11-905.Limits on Plea Bargaining
When the prosecution agrees to a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a charge of a violation other than 11-902(a) in satisfaction of, or as a substitute for, an original charge of a violation of 11-902(a), the prosecution shall state for the record a factual basis for the satisfaction, or substitution, including whether or not there had been consumption of any alcoholic beverage or ingestion or administration of any other drug, or both, by the defendant in connection with the offense.

11-906.Homicide by vehicle
(a) Whoever shall unlawfully and unintentionally cause the death of another person while engaged in the violation of any state law or municipal ordinance applying to the operation or use of a vehicle or to the regulation of traffic shall be guilty of homicide when such violation is the proximate cause of said death.
(b) Any person convicted of homicide by vehicle shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $2,000, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than three months nor more than one year, or may be so fined and so imprisoned, or shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for a term not less than one year nor more than five years.

11-907.Fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer
(a) Any driver of a motor vehicle who willfully fails or refuses to bring his or her vehicle to a stop, or who otherwise flees or attempts to elude a pursuing police vehicle, when given visual or audible signal to bring the vehicle to a stop, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The signal given by the police officer may be by hand, voice, emergency light or siren. The officer giving such signal shall be in uniform, prominently displaying officer's badge of office, and officer's vehicle shall be appropriately marked showing it to be an official police vehicle.
(b) Every person convicted of fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 30 days nor more than six months or by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

ARTICLE X.STOPPING, STANDING AND PARKING

11-1001.Stopping, standing or parking outside business or residence districts
(a) Outside a business or residence district no person shall stop, park or leave standing any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the roadway when it is practicable to stop, park or so leave such vehicle off the roadway, but in every event an unobstructed width of the highway opposite a standing vehicle shall be left for the free passage of other vehicles and a clear view of such stopped vehicle shall be available from a distance of 200 feet in each direction upon such highway.
(b) This section, 11-1003 and 11-1004 shall not apply to the driver of any vehicle which is disabled in such manner and to such extent that it is impossible to avoid stopping and temporarily leaving the vehicle in such position.

11-1002.Officers authorized to remove vehicles
(a) Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle in violation of any of the provisions of 11-1001 such officer is hereby authorized to move such vehicle, or require the driver or other person in charge of the vehicle to move the same, to a position off the roadway.
(b) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to a place of safety any unattended vehicle illegally left standing upon any highway, bridge, causeway, or in any tunnel, in such position or under such circumstances as to obstruct the normal movement of traffic.
(c) Any police officer is hereby authorized to remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any vehicle found upon a highway when:

  1. Report has been made that such vehicle has been stolen or taken without the consent of its owner, or
  2. The person or persons in charge of such vehicle are unable to provide for its custody or removal, or
  3. When the person driving or in control of such vehicle is arrested for an alleged offense for which the officer is required by law to take the person arrested before a proper magistrate without unnecessary delay.

11-1003.Stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places
(a) Except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic, or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or official traffic-control device, no person shall:

  1. Stop, stand, or park a vehicle:
    a. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street;
    b. On a sidewalk;
    c. Within an intersection;
    d. On a crosswalk;
    e. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;
    f. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct traffic;
    g. Upon any bridge or other elevated structure upon a highway or within a highway tunnel;
    h. On any railroad tracks;
    i. On any controlled-access highway;
    j. In the area between roadways of a divided highway, including crossovers;
    k. On highways and elsewhere throughout the state in any parking space designated by the International Access Symbol without displaying an authorized disabled parking registration plate, removable windshield placard, or temporary removable windshield placard as defined in 3-901.
  2. At any place where official traffic-control devices prohibit stopping.
  3. Stand or park a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except momentarily to pick up or discharge a passenger or passengers:
    a. In front of a public or private driveway;
    b. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant;
    c. Within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an intersection;
    d. Within 30 feet upon the approach to any flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign or traffic-control signal located at the side of a roadway;
    e. Within 20 feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station and on the side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within 75 feet of said entrance (when properly signposted);
    f. At any place where official traffic control devices prohibit standing.
  4. Park a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers:
    a. Within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing;
    b. At any place where official traffic control devices prohibit parking.

(b) No person shall move a vehicle not lawfully under such person's control into any such prohibited area or away from a curb such a distance as is unlawful.

11-1004.Additional parking regulations
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a two-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked with the right-hand wheels parallel to and within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder.
(b) Except when otherwise provided by local ordinance, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a one-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked parallel to the curb or edge of the roadway, in the direction of authorized traffic movement, with its right-hand wheels within 12 inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand shoulder, or with its left-hand wheels within 12 inches of the left-hand curb or as close as practicable to the left edge of the left-hand shoulder.
(c) Local authorities may permit angle parking on any roadway, except that angle parking shall not be permitted on any Federal-aid or State highway unless the (State highway commission or State highway engineer) has determined that the roadway is of sufficient width to permit angle parking without interfering with the free movement of traffic.
(d) The (State highway commission) with respect to highways under its jurisdiction may place official traffic control devices prohibiting, limiting, or restricting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles on any highway where in its opinion such stopping, standing or parking is dangerous to those using the highway or where the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles would unduly interfere with the free movement of traffic thereon. No person shall stop, stand or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions indicated by such devices.

11-1005.Disabled Parking with International Symbol of Access
(a) Disabled parking registration plates, removable windshield placards, or temporary removable windshield placards, in accordance with Section 3-901, et seq., displaying the International Symbol of Access shall be the only recognized means of identifying vehicles permitted to utilize parking spaces reserved for persons with disabilities.
(b) Removable windshield placards and temporary removable windshield placards shall be displayed in such a manner that they may be viewed from the front and rear of the vehicle by hanging from the front windshield rearview mirror of a vehicle utilizing a parking space reserved for persons with disabilities. When there is no rearview mirror, the placard shall be displayed on the dashboard.
(c) Disabled parking registration plates, removable windshield placards, and temporary removable windshield placards, issued by the authority of other states and countries for the purpose of identifying vehicles permitted to utilize parking spaces reserved for persons with disabilities shall be recognized and accorded all rights and privileges as such identification devices issued under the authority of this state.

 

 

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